بحث عن كتاب
كتاب Dc Motor M File لغير محدد

تحميل كتاب Dc Motor M File PDF

المؤلف : غير محدد
سنة النشر : غير محدد
عدد الصفحات : غير محدد
عن الكتاب : تصميمDc Motor M-File باستخدام الماتلاب     مخبر التصميم بإستخدام الحاسب  تأليف: أيهم الصالح بناء النموذج الرقمي لمحرك التيار المستمر بإستخدام طريقة أويلر العكسية Key MATLAB commands used in this tutorial are: tf , step , feedback Contents Proportional control PID control Tuning the gains From the main problem, the dynamic equations in the Laplace domain and the open-loop transfer function of the DC Motor are the following. (1)$$ s(Js + b)Theta(s) = KI(s) $$ (2)$$ (Ls + R)I(s) = V(s) - KsTheta(s) $$ (3)$$ P(s) = frac{dot{Theta}(s)}{V(s)} = frac{K}{(Js + b)(Ls + R) + K^2} qquad [frac{rad/sec}{V}] $$ The structure of the control system has the form shown in the figure below. For the original problem setup and the derivation of the above equations, please refer to the DC Motor Speed: System Modeling page. For a 1-rad/sec step reference, the design criteria are the following. Settling time less than 2 seconds Overshoot less than 5% Steady-state error less than 1% Now let's design a controller using the methods introduced in the Introduction: PID Controller Design page. Create a new m-file and type in the following commands. J = 0.01; b = 0.1; K = 0.01; R = 1; L = 0.5; s = tf('s'); P_motor = K/((J*s+b)*(L*s+R)+K^2); Recall that the transfer function for a PID controller is: (4)$$ C(s) = K_{p} + frac {K_{i}} {s} + K_{d}s = frac{K_{d}s^2 + K_{p}s + K_{i}} {s} $$ Proportional control Let's first try employing a proportional controller with a gain of 100, that is, C(s) = 100. To determine the closed-loop transfer function, we use the feedback command. Add the following code to the end of your m-file. Kp = 100; C = pid(Kp); sys_cl = feedback(C*P_motor,1); Now let's examine the closed-loop step response. Add the following commands to the end of your m-file and run it in the command window. You should generate the plot shown below. You can view some of the system's characteristics by right-clicking on the figure and choosing Characteristics from the resulting menu. In the figure below, annotations have specifically been added for Settling Time, Peak Response, and Steady State. t = 0:0.01:5; step(sys_cl,t) grid title('Step Response with Proportional Control') From the plot above we see that both the steady-state error and the overshoot are too large. Recall from the Introduction: PID Controller Design page that increasing the proportional gain Kp will reduce the steady-state error. However, also recall that increasing Kp often results in increased overshoot, therefore, it appears that not all of the design requirements can be met with a simple proportional controller. This fact can be verified by experimenting with different values of Kp. Specifically, you can employ the SISO Design Tool by entering the command sisotool(P_motor) then opening a closed-loop step response plot from the Analysis Plots tab of the Control and Estimation Tools Manager window. With the Real-Time Update box checked, you can then vary the control gain in the Compensator Editor tab and see the resulting effect on the closed-loop step response. A little experimentation verifies what we anticipated, a proportional controller is insufficient for meeting the given design requirements; derivative and/or integral terms must be added to the controller. .
أعلان

نبذة عن كتاب Dc Motor M File

كتاب Dc Motor M File

تصميمDc Motor M-File باستخدام الماتلاب     مخبر التصميم بإستخدام الحاسب  تأليف: أيهم الصالح بناء النموذج الرقمي لمحرك التيار المستمر بإستخدام طريقة أويلر العكسية Key MATLAB commands used in this tutorial are: tf , step , feedback Contents Proportional control PID control Tuning the gains From the main problem, the dynamic equations in the Laplace domain and the open-loop transfer function of the DC Motor are the following. (1)$$ s(Js + b)Theta(s) = KI(s) $$ (2)$$ (Ls + R)I(s) = V(s) - KsTheta(s) $$ (3)$$ P(s) = frac{dot{Theta}(s)}{V(s)} = frac{K}{(Js + b)(Ls + R) + K^2} qquad [frac{rad/sec}{V}] $$ The structure of the control system has the form shown in the figure below. For the original problem setup and the derivation of the above equations, please refer to the DC Motor Speed: System Modeling page. For a 1-rad/sec step reference, the design criteria are the following. Settling time less than 2 seconds Overshoot less than 5% Steady-state error less than 1% Now let's design a controller using the methods introduced in the Introduction: PID Controller Design page. Create a new m-file and type in the following commands. J = 0.01; b = 0.1; K = 0.01; R = 1; L = 0.5; s = tf('s'); P_motor = K/((J*s+b)*(L*s+R)+K^2); Recall that the transfer function for a PID controller is: (4)$$ C(s) = K_{p} + frac {K_{i}} {s} + K_{d}s = frac{K_{d}s^2 + K_{p}s + K_{i}} {s} $$ Proportional control Let's first try employing a proportional controller with a gain of 100, that is, C(s) = 100. To determine the closed-loop transfer function, we use the feedback command. Add the following code to the end of your m-file. Kp = 100; C = pid(Kp); sys_cl = feedback(C*P_motor,1); Now let's examine the closed-loop step response. Add the following commands to the end of your m-file and run it in the command window. You should generate the plot shown below. You can view some of the system's characteristics by right-clicking on the figure and choosing Characteristics from the resulting menu. In the figure below, annotations have specifically been added for Settling Time, Peak Response, and Steady State. t = 0:0.01:5; step(sys_cl,t) grid title('Step Response with Proportional Control') From the plot above we see that both the steady-state error and the overshoot are too large. Recall from the Introduction: PID Controller Design page that increasing the proportional gain Kp will reduce the steady-state error. However, also recall that increasing Kp often results in increased overshoot, therefore, it appears that not all of the design requirements can be met with a simple proportional controller. This fact can be verified by experimenting with different values of Kp. Specifically, you can employ the SISO Design Tool by entering the command sisotool(P_motor) then opening a closed-loop step response plot from the Analysis Plots tab of the Control and Estimation Tools Manager window. With the Real-Time Update box checked, you can then vary the control gain in the Compensator Editor tab and see the resulting effect on the closed-loop step response. A little experimentation verifies what we anticipated, a proportional controller is insufficient for meeting the given design requirements; derivative and/or integral terms must be added to the controller. .


هذا الكتاب من تأليف غير محدد و حقوق الكتاب محفوظة لصاحبها

تحميل
التحميل حجم الكتاب
تحميل غير محدد فى الوقت الحالى
أضافة مراجعة
0.0 / 5
بناء على 0 مراجعة
1 (0)
2 (0)
3 (0)
4 (0)
5 (0)
كتب ذات صلة